Thursday, June 20, 2019

Teaching Issues Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 words

Teaching Issues - Research Paper ExamplePrior research has been based on the system that in the course of reading, good readers wasting disease strategies that facilitate comprehension and that these strategies can be taught to children with reading difficulties by using the think-aloud method.More generally, the theory is that comprehension depends upon focusing ones heed on the meaning of what is being read, e.g., instead of attending to meaning, you can read banters while thinking about an upcoming vacation, especially when reading an appoint book that you may find boring.The strategies in the think-aloud method include using mental imagery, asking yourself questions, making inferences about what youve read, determining major themes, and using forward knowledge and surrounding words to find the meaning of a word you dont understand. In demonstrating the think-aloud method, the teacher chooses a book to be read (based both on the quality of the book and the interests and abil ities of the children) and tells the children the purpose of the method. He or she reads a short section aloud, stopping often to demonstrate strategies, such as asking a question, relating what was read to a nonher book or to prior knowledge, trying to predict what will happen later in the book, etc.The researchers investigated whether children with different kinds of difficulties in reading could benefit from use of the think aloud method of teaching. More specifically, they investigated whether particular strategies that are part of the method would benefit children. However, they were less concerned with testing the method than with providing a demonstration that other teachers could use to apply the think-aloud method in their own classes. MethodsThe participants were one first-grade (Courtney) and one second-grade girl (Callie) and one second-grade boy (Yobo) (ages not included). Courtney guesses what a word means by choosing a word with the same first letter or one thats con sistent with her interpretation of an illustration. Although not stated in the article, boastful up after encoding the first letter suggests difficulty in grapheme-to-phoneme conversion, typical of those who are dyslexic. Using illustrations to find word meaning, although shes usually incorrect, suggests shes trying to use context, displaying what seems to be fairly advanced meta-cognition for a first-grader. Callie has difficulty remembering instructions, makes literal interpretations (their nature isnt clear, since second-graders in general understand little, if anything, about metaphor), and fears failing. Yobo speaks English as a second language (ESL) and is having some difficulty with vocabulary and in understanding when reading about events typical to American culture but not in his culture. (Based on his being a recent immigrant and examples in the article, it seems reasonable to suspect that like most immigrant children his age, hell soon be reading at grade-level.)The rese archers conducted a think-aloud session. Before reading, one researcher (also a teacher) showed the children the books cover and asked questions about the title, author, and illustration. Yobos response

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